Essential Parameters for Determining Water Quality


Water quality is crucial in many industries – whether it be a food processing plant that needs pristine, bacteria-free waters or an oil refinery that requires clean, corrosive-resistant liquids. The same can be said for natural ecosystems that thrive on pure, healthy waters. For this reason, various parameters must be met to determine the overall health of the water. These can include chemical, biological, and physical measurements. Look into the Best info about Determining Water Quality.

Some core physical parameters commonly measured for water quality include conductivity, dissolved oxygen, and temperature. Conductivity illustrates how well a water sample can carry electric currents and will increase as the number of ions in the liquid increases. Dissolved Oxygen (DO) is another critical measurement as it relates to the ability of the water to sustain life by providing sufficient levels of oxygen. DO can decrease if the water is too cold and also can be affected by salinity.

Another vital chemical water quality metric is pH, which illustrates how acidic or basic a body of water is on a scale of 0 to 14. The lower the pH number, the more acidic the water is; the higher the number, the more essential. Various environmental factors, including automobile pollution, agricultural runoff, acid rain, and sewage leaks, can change the pH level of a water source.

Other critical physical measures are turbidity and nitrates. Turbidity indicates how cloudy or dirty a body of water is and is caused by suspended organic material, clay, silt, algae, and other particulate matter. This type of debris can create a visual nuisance and add cost to the water treatment process. It can also provide hiding places for harmful microorganisms and shield them from disinfection processes. It can also increase the chemicals needed to clean water and absorb heavy metals.

Nitrates are a common pollutant in many bodies of water. Large amounts of nitrogen can cause an imbalance in an aquatic ecosystem leading to excessive algal growth and depleting the available dissolved oxygen that fish and other aquatic life depend upon. It is essential to monitor the levels of these contaminants in water supplies because they can lead to serious health issues for humans and animals.

The world’s best countries for drinking water include Luxembourg, Switzerland, Germany, Finland, Malta, and Sweden. These countries use a combination of groundwater and desalinated seawater to meet their domestic water requirements, and all score highly on the Environmental Performance Index (EPI). They can maintain high chemical, biological, and physical water quality standards.

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